Human or Other Mammal Bites
6-3. Human and Other Animal Bites
Human or other land animal bites may cause lacerations or bruises. In
addition to damaging tissue, human or bites from animals such as dogs,
cats, bats, raccoons, or rats always present the possibility of infection.
a. Human Bites. Human bites that break the skin may become
seriously infected since the mouth is heavily contaminated with bacteria
All human bites MUST be treated by medical personnel.
b. Animal Bites. Land animal bites can result in both infection
and disease. Tetanus, rabies, and various types of fevers can follow an
untreated animal bite. Because of these possible complications, the
animal causing the bite should, if possible, be captured or killed (without
damaging its head) so that competent authorities can identify and test
the animal to determine if it is carrying diseases.
c. First Aid.
(1) Cleanse the wound thoroughly with soap or detergent
(2) Flush it well with water.
(3) Cover it with a sterile dressing.
(4) Immobilize an injured arm or leg.
(5) Transport the casualty immediately to a medical
If unable to capture or kill the animal, provide
medical personnel with any information
possible that will help identify it. Information
of this type will aid in appropriate
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