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Quick Bite Reference Table

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Snake Bites

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US Army First Aid Manual
Fundamental Criteria for First Aid
Basic Measures for First Aid
First Aid for Special Wounds
First Aid for Fractures
First Aid for Climatic Injuries
First Aid for Bites and Stings
First Aid in Toxic Environments
First Aid for Psychological Reactions
Appendix A: First Aid Case and Kits, Dressings, and Bandages
Appendix B: Rescue and Transportation Procedures
Appendix C: Common Problems/Conditions
Appendix D: Digital Pressure
Appendix E: Decontamination Procedures
Appendix F: Glossary



Quick Bite Reference Table

6-6. Table

See Table 6-1 for information on bites and stings.

Table 6-1. Bites and Stings
TYPES FIRST AID
Snakebite1. Move the casualty away from the snake.
2. Remove all rings and bracelets from the affected extremity.
3. Reassure the casualty and keep him quiet.
4. Place ice or freeze pack, if available, over the area of the bite.
5. Apply constricting band(s) 1-2 finger widths from the bite. One should be able to insert a finger between the band and the skin.
  • Arm or leg bite--place one band above and one band below the bite site.
  • Hand or foot bite--place one band above the wrist or ankle.

6. Immobilize the affected part in a position below the level of the heart.
7. Kill the snake (if possible, without damaging its head or endangering yourself) and send it with the casualty.
8. Seek medical aid immediately.
Brown Recluse Spider or Black Widow Spider Bite1. Keep the casualty quiet.
2. Wash the area.
3. Apply ice or freeze pack, if available.
4. Seek medical aid.
Tarantula Bite or Scorpion Sting or Ant Bites1. Wash the area.
2. Apply ice or freeze pack, if available.
3. Apply baking soda, calamine lotion, or meat tenderizer to bite site to relieve pain and itching.
4. If site of bite(s) or sting(s) is on the face, neck (possible airway problems), or genital area, or if local reaction seems severe, or if the sting is by the dangerous type of scorpion found in the Southwest desert, keep the casualty quiet as possible and seek immediate medical aid.
Bee Stings1. If the singer is present, remove by scraping with a knife or fingernail. DO NOT squeeze venom sac on stinger; more venom may be injected.
2. Wash the area.
3. Apply ice or freeze pack, if available.
*4. If allergic signs/symptoms appear, be prepared to seek immediate medical aid.

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