Bandaging Upper and Lower Extremities
a. To apply bandages attached to the field first aid
b. To apply a cravat bandage to the shoulder or armpit--
(1) Make an extended cravat bandage by using two triangular bandages
(Figure 3-36 A); place the end of the
first triangular bandage along the base of the second one (Figure 3-36 B).
(2) Fold the two bandages into a single extended bandage (Figure 3-36 C).
(3) Fold the extended bandage into a single cravat bandage (Figure 3-36 D).
After folding, secure the thicker part (overlap) with two or more
safety pins (Figure 3-36 E).
(4) Place the middle of the cravat bandage under the armpit so
that the front end is longer than the back end and safety pins
are on the outside (Figure 3-36 F).
(5) Cross the ends on top of the shoulder (Figure 3-36 G).
(6) Take one end across the back and under the arm on the opposite
side and the other end across the chest. Tie the ends (Figure 3-36 H).
Be sure to place sufficient wadding in the armpit. DO NOT tie
the cravat bandage too tightly. Avoid compressing the major blood
vessels in the armpit.
To apply a cravat bandage to the elbow--
a. Bend the arm at the elbow and place the middle of
the cravat at the point of the elbow bringing the ends upward
(Figure 3-37 A).
b. Bring the ends across, extending both downward (Figure 3-37 B).
c. Take both ends around the arm and tie them with a
nonslip knot at the front of the elbow (Figure 3-37 C).
If an elbow fracture is suspected, DO NOT bend the elbow;
bandage it in an extended position.
a. To apply a triangular bandage to the hand--
(1) Place the hand in the middle of the triangular bandage with
the wrist at the base of the bandage (Figure 3-38 A).
Ensure that the fingers are separated with absorbent material
to prevent chafing and irritation of the skin.
(2) Place the apex over the fingers and tuck any excess material
into the pleats on each side of the hand (Figure 3-38 B).
(3) Cross the ends on top of the hand, take them around the wrist,
and tie them (Figures 3-38 C, D, and E)
with a nonslip knot.
b. To apply a cravat bandage to the palm of the hand--
(1) Lay the middle of the cravat over the palm of the hand with
the ends hanging down on each side (Figure 3-39 A).
(2) Take the end of the cravat at the little finger across the
back of the hand, extending it upward over the base of the thumb;
then bring it downward across the palm (Figure 3-39 B).
(3) Take the thumb and across the back of the hand, over the palm,
and through the hollow between the thumb and palm (Figure 3-39 C).
(4) Take the ends to the back of the hand and cross them; then
bring them up over the wrist and cross them again (Figure 3-39 D).
(5) Bring both ends down and tie them with a nonslip knot on top
of the wrist (Figure 3-39 E and F).
To apply a cravat bandage to the leg--
a. Place the center of the cravat over the dressing (Figure 3-40 A).
b. Take one end around and up the leg in a spiral motion
and the other end around and down the leg in a spiral motion,
overlapping part of each preceding turn (Figure 3-40 B).
c. Bring both ends together and tie them (Figure 3-40 C)
with a nonslip knot.
To apply a cravat bandage to the knee as illustrated in Figure 3-41,
use the same technique applied in bandaging the elbow. The same
caution for the elbow also applies to the knee.
To apply a triangular bandage to the foot--
a. Place the foot in the middle of the triangular bandage
with the heel well forward of the base (Figure 3-42 A).
Ensure that the toes are separated with absorbent material to
prevent chafing and irritation of the skin.
b. Place the apex over the top of the foot and tuck any
excess material into the pleats on each side of the foot (Figure 3-42 B).
c. Cross the ends on top of the foot, take them around
the ankle, and tie them at the front of the ankle (Figure 3-42 C, D, and E).
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