Individual Protection and Aid Equipment
a. Gasoline, chlorine, and pesticides are examples of
common toxic substances. They may exist as solids, liquids,
or gases depending upon temperature and pressure. Gasoline,
for example, is a vaporizable liquid; chlorine is a gas;
and Warfarin, a pesticide, is a solid. Some substances
are more injurious to the body than others when they are inhaled
or eaten or when they contact the skin or eyes. Whether they are
solids, liquids, or gases (vapors and aerosols included), they
may irritate, inflame, blister, burn, freeze, or destroy tissue
such as that associated with the respiratory tract or the eyes.
They may also be absorbed into the bloodstream, disturbing one
or several of the body's major functions.
b. You may come in contact with toxic substances in combat
or in everyday activities. Ordinarily, brief exposures to common
household toxic substances, such as disinfectants and bleach solutions,
do not cause injuries. Exposure to toxic chemical agents in warfare,
even for a few seconds, could result in death, injury, or incapacitation.
Remember that toxic substances employed by an enemy could persist
for hours or days. To survive and operate effectively in a toxic
environment, you must be prepared to protect yourself from the
effects of chemical agents and to provide first aid to yourself
and to others.
You are issued equipment for protection and first aid treatment
in a toxic environment. You must know how to use the items described
in Chapter 7 a through e. It is equally important that
you know when to use them. Use your protective clothing and equipment
when you are ordered to and when you are under a nuclear, biological,
or chemical (NBC) attack. Also, use your protective clothing and
equipment when you enter an area where NBC agents have been employed.
a. Field Protective Mask With Protective Hood. Your field
protective mask is the most important piece of protective equipment.
You are given special training in its use and care.
b. Field Protective Clothing. Each soldier is authorized
three sets of the following field protective clothing:
- Overgarment ensemble (shirt and trousers), chemical protective.
- Footwear cover (overboots), chemical protective.
- Glove set, chemical protective.
c. Nerve Agent Pyridostigmine Pretreatment (NAPP). You
will be issued a blister pack of pretreatment tablets when your
commander directs. When ordered to take the pretreatment you must
take one tablet every eight hours. This must be taken prior to
exposure to nerve agents, since it may take several hours to develop
adequate blood levels.
Normally, one set of protective clothing is used in acclimatization
training that uses
various mission-oriented protective posture
d. M258A1 Skin Decontamination Kit. The M258A1 Skin Decontamination
(decon) Kit contains three each of the following:
- DECON-1 packets containing wipes (pads) moistened with decon
- DECON-2 packets containing dry wipes (pads) previously moistened
with decon solution and sealed glass ampules. Ampules are crushed
to moisten pads.
The decon solution contained in both DECON-1 and
DECON-2 packets is a poison
and caustic hazard and can
permanently damage the eyes. Keep wipes out of the eyes,
and open wounds. Use WATER to wash toxic agent out of
eyes and wounds
and seek medical aid.
e. Nerve Agent Antidote Kit, Mark I (NAAK MKI). Each
soldier is authorized to carry three Nerve Agent Antidote Kits,
Mark I, to treat nerve agent poisoning. When NAPP has been taken
several hours (but no greater than 8 hours) prior to exposure,
the NAAK MKI treatment of nerve agent poisoning is much more effective.
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